Evolution of the 20th Century Dystopian Novel This timeline attempts to correlate historical events with transformations in the dystopian genre of literature. Advances in war technology and the threat of nuclear devastation during this century had a great impact on the anxieties people lived with. The dystopian novels chosen for this project were extremely influential in voicing contemporary concerns over what the future would bring. Utopia is an imaginary island, enjoying perfection in politics, law, etc.
Determine the influences and characteristics of each genre of popular music. Describe the evolution of pop music throughout the last century. The first stirrings of popular or pop music—any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subculture—began in the late 19th century, with discoveries by Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner.
InEdison discovered that sound could be reproduced using a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a rotating metal cylinder. The flat discs were cheaper and easier to produce than were the cylinders they replaced, enabling the mass production of sound recordings.
This would have a huge impact on the popular music industry, enabling members of the middle class to purchase technology that was previously available only to an elite few.
Berliner founded the Berliner Gramophone Company to manufacture his discs, and he encouraged popular operatic singers such as Enrico Caruso and Dame Nellie Melba to record their music using his system.
Opera singers were the stars of the 19th century, and their music generated most of the sheet music sales in the United States. Although the gramophone was an exciting new development, it would take 20 years for disc recordings to rival sheet music in commercial importance.
Continuum, In the late 19th century, the lax copyright laws that existed in the United States at the beginning of the century were strengthened, providing an opportunity for composers, singers, and publishers to work together to earn money by producing as much music as possible.
Numerous publishers began to emerge in an area of New York that became known as Tin Pan Alley A term used to refer to the area in Manhattan in which singer-songwriter and publisher teams worked in the early 20th century.
Whereas classical artists were exalted for their individuality and expected to differ stylistically from other classical artists, popular artists were praised for conforming to the tastes of their intended audience.
Popular genres expanded from opera to include vaudeville A popular form of variety entertainment in the early 20th century that included singing acts, magicians, comedians, and acrobats.
The Tin Pan Alley tradition of song publishing continued throughout the first half of the 20th century with the show tunes and soothing ballads of Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and George Gershwin, and songwriting teams of the early s, such as Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller.
By hiring songwriters to compose music based on public demand and mainstream tastes, the Tin Pan Alley publishers introduced the concept of popular music as we know it. During the early days of its development, the gramophone was viewed as a scientific novelty that posed little threat to sheet music because of its poor sound quality.
However, as inventors improved various aspects of the device, the sales of gramophone records began to affect sheet music sales.
The Copyright Act of had imposed a royalty on all records of copyrighted musical works to compensate for the loss in revenue to composers and authors.
This loss became even more prominent during the mids, when improvements in electrical recording drastically increased sales of gramophones and gramophone records.
The greater range and sensitivity of the electrical broadcasting microphone revolutionized gramophone recording to such an extent that sheet music sales plummeted.
From the very beginning, the record industry faced challenges from new technology. Composers and publishers could deal with the losses caused by an increase in gramophone sales because of the provisions made in the Copyright Act.
However, when radio broadcasting emerged in the early s, both gramophone sales and sheet-music sales began to suffer. Radio was an affordable medium that enabled listeners to experience events as they took place.
This development was a threat to the entire recording industry, which began to campaign for, and was ultimately granted, the right to collect license fees from broadcasters.
With the license fees in place, the recording industry eventually began to profit from the new technology. The Rise of Jazz and Blues The ascendance of Tin Pan Alley coincided with the emergence of jazz An improvisational style of music that emerged in New Orleans in the s, characterized by syncopation and heavily accented rhythms.
An improvisational form of music that was primarily instrumental, jazz incorporated a variety of styles, including African rhythms, gospel, and blues.The music history of the United States includes many styles of folk, popular and classical music.
Some of the best-known genres of American music are blues, rock and roll, and country.
The history began with the Native Americans, the first people to populate North America. The music of these people was highly varied in form, and was mostly religious in purpose. The 20th Century brought folk music back into the American psyche as workers struggled and struck for child labor laws and the eight-hour workday.
Workers and folk singers gathered in churches, living rooms and union halls, and learned songs that helped them cope with their rough work environment. It could be a baseball game, a radio drama, a commercial or even the president of the United States for that matter.
The fact is the radio has serious impact on the lives of American’s as well as other people’s lives all around the globe. The Evolution of Music During the 20th Century - Soul had a great cultural impact on the music.
Demographic Trends in the 20th Century Census Special Reports U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. CENSUS BUREAU CENSR-4 Issued November By Frank Hobbs and Nicole Stoops United States •. The music history of the United States includes many styles of folk, but it was spirituals which became a major foundation for music in the 20th century.
Spirituals (or Negro spirituals, Appalachian folk music began its evolution towards pop-country in For many, the 20th century was seen as "America's century." It was a century in which the United States' influence would be felt around the globe.
Nowhere is this more true than in the world of music.