CLS Bank has had a dramatic impact on the allowability of computer implemented inventions. This second article in our series explores the dynamics of that impact on the e-commerce arts. Our first article  showed that in the finance arts e. A similar but more complicated impact was felt in e-commerce.
Courses in Technical Writing An abstract is a summary of a body of information. Sometimes, abstracts are in fact called summaries—sometimes, executive summaries or executive abstracts.
The business and scientific worlds define different types of abstracts according to their needs. If you are taking a technical writing course based on this online textbook, your technical report depending on your instructor may use two types: See examples of abstracts as they occur within technical reports.
Descriptive Abstracts The descriptive abstract provides a description of the report's main topic and purpose as well an overview of its contents. As you can see from the exampleit is very short—usually a brief one- or two-sentence paragraph.
In this report design, it appears on the title page. You may have noticed something similar to this type of abstract at the beginning of journal articles. In this type of abstract, you don't summarize any of the facts or conclusions of the report. The descriptive abstract does not say something like this: Based on an exhaustive review of currently available products, this report concludes that none of the available grammar-checking software products provides any useful function to writers.
This is the style of summarizing you find in the informative abstract. Instead, the descriptive abstract says something like this: This report provides conclusions and recommendations on the grammar-checking software that is currently available.
The descriptive abstract is little like a program teaser. Or, to use a different analogy, it is as if the major first-level headings of the table of contents have been rewritten in paragraph format.
Descriptive abstract on report title page. Informative Abstracts The informative abstract, as its name implies, provides information from the body of the report—specifically, the key facts and conclusions.
To put it another way, this type of abstract summarizes the key information from every major section in the body of the report.
It is as if someone had taken a yellow marker and highlighted all the key points in the body of the report then vaccuumed them up into a one- or two-page document.
Of course, then some editing and rewriting would be necessary to make the abstract readable. Specifically, the requirements for the informative abstract are as follows:10 Good Abstract Examples That Will Kickstart Your Brain The 10 examples I’ve included here are all published, professionally written abstracts.
While some of them are a little more technical than others, they all follow the basic rules of what it takes to write a good abstract.
How to Write a Technical Paper: in a technical paper. Based on the content of the abstract, the reader will decide whether the pa-per is worthy enough to merit further study. The Keywords: writing guides, writing technical papers, format guides 1 Introduction. Hire a highly qualified essay writer to cater for all your content needs.
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To come up with a definition of academic writing is like asking someone to define an apple; the most common reaction from the other person would be either “Uhh” or “Hmm”. Either the other person would start describing it or simply define it as a “fruit”; the latter would lots of room for ambiguity.
This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper.
Tips for Writing Technical Papers Jennifer Widom, The material in the abstract should not be repeated later word for word in the paper.
(Exercise: Write an abstract for the multiway sort example.) The Introduction used, and should be defined only once.
(Exception: Sometimes after a long hiatus it's useful to remind the reader of a.