New technologies like steam engines, railroads, and telegraphs made communication and transportation easier. The ability to source and transport materials across the country with ease turned many local businesses into national companies. Workplace innovations, such as the assembly-line method of production, allowed these companies to produce goods on a mass scale. Expert Answers saintfester Certified Educator During the second half of the 19th century, a new wave of industrialization spread throughout the U.
Posted by moleboi During the sixteenth century expansion became a key theme across the face of Early Modern Europe; this caused the sixteenth century to acquire the retrospective name of the Age of Expansion or Age of Discovery.
According to the historian Richard Mackenney the cause of European expansion during this period can be explained in terms of three major symptoms: Exploration had not been an entirely new concept to the world of Early Modern Europe. During the Middle Ages exploration had been overland and eastward, mostly dominated by tales of the Italian Marco Polo and his establishment of embassies with trading posts such as Constantinople and Samarkand along the illustrious Silk Road, which stretched all the way from Venice to China via Asia Minor, Persia and India.
Come the turn of the fifteenth century, due to the advent of new navigational science replacing the dated classical geography of Ptolemy, discovery turned westward towards yet to be discovered America and south into what Ptolemy had called on his maps terra incognita, or lands unknown, which turned out to be the unchartered regions of Africa.
These projects were heavily dominated by Portugal and Spain since France was currently busy dealing with conflicts of both internal and external nature, Italy content with its monopoly over the Mediterranean sea-routes and imports brought in from the Silk Road and convinced that no other viable route were possible decided to sit out of overseas expansion.
Finally the powers of England and the Netherlands attempts failed until the seventeenth century when they rose up to take over where Portugal and Spain were beginning to falter through lack of resources.
Magellan voyage was perilous and led to his death having got caught up in a local dispute in the Philippines, his remaining crew decided against returning by the same route and opted for taking the better known but risky Portuguese guarded route around Africa.
Henry thought this could be achieved if he was able to capture the Orient and the Realm of Prester John, also known as Abyssinia.
Holding these lands would have the Islamic Empire trapped in a pincer movement, surrounded by the Holy Roman Empire to the west and the Portuguese Empire to the south and east. In the combined population of Spain and Portugal was 9.
A century later the population of these six countries had risen significantly from somewhere in the region of Not just foodstuffs but also other basic resources, such as timber, leather and wool were falling into short supply adding to the problem of inflation and creating extra urgency for nations to seek new suppliers from overseas in order to maintain their empires back home and keep the people at peace, this was one problem Germany found difficult since famine had led to a peasants revolt in as well as a rise in fatal diseases such as bubonic plague, pneumonia and septicaemia.
Another contributing factor to European inflation was the surge of gold and silver being brought in by Spain and Portugal during their economic exploitation of the newly discovered lands. The capture of Ceuta gave Portugal an opportunity to break into African trade routes granting them access to commodities that would otherwise have to pass through Venice and the Ottoman Empire who would impose tariffs on all passing trade.
Prince Henry saw this opportunity and used it as a means to obtain rare commodities at a cheaper rate than overland routes were charging. Towards the end of the sixteenth century late arrivals the Dutch entered the seafaring scene sending three fleets along the northeast passage down the Volga into Asia, two fleets across the Atlantic to the Americas and several vessels down the southeast route through the Cape of Good Hope to India in order to establish embassies overseas so that the Dutch could join in with Portugal, Spain and England in exploiting lucrative trading posts.
It is only with England and the Dutch that it becomes clearer as to the incentives for their voyages as both powers journeys to these exotic lands were based solely on economic grounds.This Age of Expansion and European exploration from to , greatly promoted by economical, technological, political, and religious factors, launched a major turning point in world history.
The economy of late fifteenth century played an important role in . EUROPEAN EXPANSION: ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS () During the period from to , western Europe centered on an era of overseas exploration and economic expansion that transformed society.
The Colonization of Africa was due to a wide range of factors, not only economic and political but also DATE: 26/09/ INTRODUCTION The reasons behind European imperialism in Africa were purely The scramble for Africa was described as the golden period of European expansionism in the 19th century.
It was an age in . Get an answer for 'What were the main factors that led to the rise of industrialization in the U.S.
in the late s?' and find homework help for other America: Pathways to the Present questions. Only the interaction of these two as well as numerous other factors resulted in the world historical consequences of European expansion.
Regions and periods Colonial regions and their limits as well as periods and their caesuras offer two possibilities of approaching European colonialism. Sep 16, · What factors led to European maritime explorations in the fifteenth century? Write a brief essay in which you identify the causes of european expansion beginning in the sixteenth century?
What factors contributed to England's establishment of colonies on the North American continent?Status: Resolved.