Fast A little background: Very little is known of the Greek poet called Homer, and yet his works, which were said to have been cradled by the side of Alexander the Great during his campaigns, have never failed to ignite the imagination with dreams of one-eyed monsters, beautiful goddesses, adventures over the ocean, bitter fighting at the walls of Troy, and love which reaches the abyss of Hades.
After ten years of functioning as a killer and destroyer, he must heal his numbness and desensitivity by connecting with his feelings. The emotional outpouring when he weeps in pain from being in exile from his home the feminine suggests that he has begun to integrate the feminine virtues of sensitivity, patience, contemplation, depth, ripening, healing and transforming insight that enable him to continue, and to be drawn back home.
Thus he is reborn through Calypso. In the terminology of Carl Jung, Odysseus has been ruled for years by his animus, his male self. He has denied the feminine, his anima.
When we deny a significant part of our psyche, we often end up confronting it outside of ourselves, and usually, at least initially, in a negative or extreme manner. The engulfment by Calypso expresses his own lack of control as his deeper unconscious self takes him over and possesses him.
He both desires and despises the very union with the feminine he craves - despises, because within it there is no arena for his masculinity except in its most primal form. Instead, he must learn to use the qualities of sensory enjoyment and emotional relationship.
Most of the commentators For only in action can he find his identity: So this adventuresome hero must live without adventure for seven full years. Odysseus faces the challenge of NO active challenge. On Calypso's isle, he has no way to be a hero. He is forced to live a vegetative existence, perhaps at first a welcome rest, but then a womblike entrapment.
The name Calypso means "eclipse," and indeed, Odysseus' long stay on Calypso's isle is an eclipse of all that he has known of life Eighteen years ago, in a book chapter I wrote entitled, How to Swim Through Cosmic Waters, I expressed my own experience with this stage of development: In this state we may feel as if we are in a trance.
Our egos are pulled deeper into our subconscious. We are operating on only a small portion of our energy Our conscious energy seems to be leaking into our subconscious, while our subconscious energy is simultaneously seeping into our consciousness and dissolving behavior patterns of the past.
For a time, we are not likely to be able to operate clearly or productively, as part of ourselves is actually being bathed in the well of our subconscious feminine energies, taking a deep rest so that in the future it can spring forth, totally refreshed and bursting with new inspiration.
As in many myths of creation, all that existed first was unnamed, undifferentiated chaos before the beginning of the earth and the birth of humanity, so we are journeying into the primeval chaos in order to give birth to higher dimensions of ourselves.
We are taking a journey into blankness, into the void within - a fertile void, but we are not yet aware of its fertility. Instead, we may struggle and splash in the waters of our emotional confusion, afraid of being engulfed and drowning in the whirlpool within us. Odysseus has been severely traumatized.
He can no longer free himself from the challenges he is facing through brawn or brain. The only way out is to surrender. According to Jean Houston, his experience is a hibernation, a kind of halfway house for post-traumatic stress survivors, a seven-year stay in a healing sanctuary of recuperation - and integration.
In The Hero and the Goddess, Houston also wrote: It feels like an utter engulfment in which one has a hard time relating to anything else because the self is so deeply buried in something else. It is not the dark night of the soul.
Rather, it is the necessary hibernation period presaging a fundamental renewal or restructuring of personality.
How vital the long resting place is to the soul's development Sometimes, however, these places are so hidden, even from us, that we feel our lives are being wasted and we long to get back where the action is. Yet the "action" may very well be going on - in the internal reams - with our state of external routine providing the stable conditions necessary for the reflection and reweaving of our own possible human.
During his stay on Calypso's isle, Odysseus is never able to fully accept his situation. His body is alive, but only in regard to sensuality. Calypso holds him so tightly in her embrace, that he is not free to embrace her in turn.
And because of his unresolved grief and trauma, his heart remains closed. Only in surrender can another part of himself emerge and lead him forward once again. Only in surrender can he feel and release the deep grief he has been carrying all these years, and own the feminine energy within himself.
And by the seventh year, he is ready to move into the next stage, what Houston refers to as the stage of active longing. He weeps ceaselessly, for Ithaca and for Penelope. The waters are his own now - his tears.In The Odyssey, Homer uses the epic simile differently.
First, the later poem has fewer similes, and, for the most part, they do not expand the already vast world of the story. First, the later poem has fewer similes, and, for the most part, they do not expand the already vast world of the story. Oct 22, · For the best answers, search on this site kaja-net.com Unless you are visually impaired or physically handicapt you can maybe find it at your local kaja-net.com: Resolved.
Written down sometime between and BCE, the Odyssey is of the best known and most stupendously awesome works of ancient literature—make that any literature. Composed (maybe) by a poet named Homer (maybe), it tells the story of a man trying to make his way home from war.
Emily Wilson, the first woman to publish an English translation of Homer’s Odyssey, discusses how she reckoned with the story’s female characters. In his Introduction to Robert Fagles’ translation of The Odyssey, Bernard Knox describes The Odyssey as “an epic with a thoroughly domestic base.
In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer and translated by Robert Fagles, the journey of two epic heroes are depicted for us. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War.