Eastern State Penitentiary Cells As far back as the memory can go, crime has been an inseparable part of our society. Unfortunately, with crime comes the problem of enforcing penalties against those convicted.
Unfortunately, with crime comes the problem of enforcing penalties against those convicted. The need for an efficient prison system arose. This need was satisfied primarily in the nineteenth century. While there have been various types of correctional institutions, most have been based on the Auburn system of discipline.
My objective is to inform the reader about the developments in the area of prison reform. In so far as taking a position, I do so for the explicit purpose of assisting the reader with comparing the strengths and weaknesses between the two most predominant systems of prison discipline.
However, before analyzing Auburn and the controversy surrounding its existence, we must first look back to the birth of the prison establishment.
Some historians have noted that, in the year of our independence, "an early act of the newly-formed State of Pennsylvania provided, in its constitution, that the Legislature: Crimes once bringing death and torture as penalty, now brought prison sentences.
It is, thus, within these surroundings that the Pennsylvania system arose.
Inthe Walnut Street Jail, located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, the first correctional institution in America, was built. Not long after, the Quakers in an attempt to, and in concern for, changing the bad treatment of convicted criminals, succeeded in "convincing the Pennsylvania legislature to declare a wing of the Walnut Street Jail as a penitentiary The system of prison discipline which ultimately developed at the Walnut Street Jail became known as he "Pennsylvania system.
With these purposes in mind, prison administrators sought to devise a system by which all this could be achieved.
However, as it would turn out, this system was not successful. Inanother prison was completed.
It became known as the Western Penitentiary. Its primary function and design was for cell treatment and no labor whatsoever.
This penitentiary consisted of cells measuring seven by nine feet and arranged in a semicircular one-story block. Although the prison intended to isolate the inmates it failed in serving that purpose because the "prisoners found ways of communicating with one another through the walls and pipes.
The development of the Eastern Penitentiary in Philadelphia became known as the "separate system. Although they spent most of their time in their cells, they were allowed out one hour a day for the sole purpose of exercise.
For the most part, they read the bible and received moral training. Contact between prisoners at all times was strictly prevented. Shortly after this penitentiary was opened changes in the law occurred.
Specifically, the legislature "provided for solitary labor in the cells in the two prisons. Inmates were required to work at such activities as carpentry, weaving, tailoring, and shoemaking. The complete separation of prisoners at all times did not coincide, nor was it conducive to, maximizing efficiency of labor.
Individual labor is reminiscent of the Luddites. They were a group of workers in England, duringwho smashed labor saving textile machinery in protest to industrialization. Although the circumstances under which the Luddites reacted were somewhat different, their plight is significant enough for a correlation to be drawn here.
Their economic way of life was destroyed. There, as in the Pennsylvania system here, individual home labor could not stand up to the economic benefits of mass factory production.
Just as it was inevitable for their way of life to come to an end, so to was it inevitable that the Pennsylvania system under these same conditions fall.
This system was quite different from the one used at the Eastern Penitentiary. This prison was designed with small cells specifically for sleeping and not work. As for its governance, the Auburn prison was controlled by a board of five inspectors.
They worked for no pay. This board was responsible for appointing the warden. The first warden of Auburn was William Brittin, appointed in His principal keeper was Elam Lynds.Quiz & Worksheet - Auburn vs.
Pennsylvania Prison Systems Quiz; Course; Borrowing from the Pennsylvania system, the Auburn Prison System banned the death penalty except for murder and treason.
Pennsylvania System / Auburn System There are different prison systems due to different locations and management systems implemented in different periods. The two most influential systems of contemporary prison system and format development are the .
ronariusThe Auburn SystemThe Auburn prison system, often referred to as the congregate system, is first implemented in at the New York State.
The New York State prison at Auburn opened in This system was quite different from the one used at the Eastern Penitentiary. This prison was designed . Apr 07, · This Site Might Help You.
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1. Define and compare the differences between the Pennsylvania system and the Auburn kaja-net.com: Resolved. The old system, the Pennsylvania System is the exact opposite of the Auburn System. The term penitentiary was introduced in this system to mean penitence or atonement for the crime committed.
The main ideas of this system are isolation and inactivity.