International human rights law has profoundly transformed medical ethics.
Reviewing the history Of circumcision and the many misguided reasons for its practice will help form an understanding of the multifaceted issues concerning routine infant circumcision. Some of the earliest evidence of male circumcision comes from Egypt around the year BC.
However, researchers studying this practice do not understand or agree on its purpose. Some researches believe that circumcision was a form of branding for slaves while others thought it to be from the priestly class as a arm of religious ritual.
But when is more pertinent to this argument is that the early Greeks and Romans outlawed male circumcision believing it to be a barbaric form of mutilation of male genitalia. The first documented purpose for circumcision is in the Old Testament Scriptures Gene 1 7: According to the governing doctrinal resource for Catholics worldwide, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the explanation for Old Testament circumcision is in section The Church sees in these signs a prefiguring of the sacraments of the New Covenant.
There is no longer a need for animal sacrifices and the early Christian community determined that baptism was to e the new sign of the covenant. Routine infant circumcision in the united States became prevalent in the Victorian age and reached its height during the Cold War when technology, hospitals, and modern medicine sought to institutionalize the birthing process.
Parents not desiring the process for their sons were considered negligent. Health Reasons- certainly it would be ethical to surgically remove the penis foreskin of a male infant if in some way it presented a health risk; there is no real argument here.
Many men, who like their own fathers were circumcised as infants, think that their child in turn might as well be circumcised too. However, is there any real thinking going on here at all? I argue that just because everyone else jumps off a bridge, is that any reason for you to jump off as well.
Religious Beliefs- I would have to say yes, it is ethical to have a child rescinded if you are following a true religious belief. The parent who has legal authority over their child may choose and in fact is morally obligated to choose to do what they believe is in the best interest of the child.
Therefore, for the Jews who believe that the outward sign of circumcision establishes their child in a covenant relationship with God; they are well within their ethical right and responsibility to have their sons circumcised. Freedom Of religion is one of the building blocks of our free nation. Today thanks in part to our mass media; modern society is ruled by prevailing mentalities.
These pervasive mindsets allure us to what appears to be the benefits of circumcision, while completely obscuring any possible negative ramifications.
The mentality is permeated into societal norms, which are almost impossible to resist, and are most difficult to correct. An accepted societal mentality is further driven by force of habit. Among other things, we live in a society that assumes that a male infant in the United States is routinely circumcised.
Seldom are discussions of the pros and cons of the procedure brought to the attention of the parent, unless the arena specifically requests it. When looking into medical ethics, the Oath of Hippocrates standard for medical professionals since BCC shed some additional light onto the situation.
As a student of Theology, from a Roman Catholic perspective I have yet to hear a discussion concerning the morality of circumcision. Each parent possesses the God given right to make certain decisions on behalf of their young children who cannot make these decisions themselves.
Am a mother of four sons, born in the years, and Although the father of the boys was circumcised however, none of our boys is circumcised. To this day, none of them has ever had trouble of any kind, nor has it been an issue in the locker room.
The decision to leave the boys as they were born, uncircumcised, was based on the fact that it was not a medical necessity, that anesthetic was not used they had just been traumatized in birthand that there was a possibility of complications from the procedure.
Parents need to take a more proactive stance in researching the pros and cons of the procedure, and should spend at least as much time and energy on his decision as they do in picking out a new car! Objective — If the objective of the National Organization of Circumcision of Infants Resource Center is to reduce the number of routine circumcisions performed, believe that to pursue this objective through legal channels alone would be fruitless.
Big government has more than enough authority in dictating to families what they can and cannot do for their children.
Your best bet would be to lobby the insurance companies. Perhaps you could demand coverage for an elective surgical procedure such as having your breasts enlarged and when they tell you no that it is just a cosmetic or optional reoccurred, sue them for discriminatory practices.Circumcision, Ethics, and Medicine Circumcision violates the principles of medical ethics Like all professions, medicine has its own ethical code and principles of conduct.
Is Routine Circumcision of Infants Ethical? History Of Circumcision: Reviewing the history Of circumcision and the many misguided reasons for its practice will help form an understanding of the multifaceted issues concerning routine infant circumcision.
Medical ethics have evolved over the years, especially since the recent advent of the human rights era. Non-therapeutic circumcision of children fails to meet the standards of modern medical ethics. Although non-therapeutic circumcision of children remains a common practice in the United States despite its rarity in most peer nations, under current standards of medical ethics, it is unethical and needs to cease.
Circumcision is an inherently painful procedure. Contemporary medical ethics requires that anesthesia/analgesia be provided for painful procedures on children. 12 17 52 53 Provision of pain relief, however, cannot make an unethical procedure ethical. Proposed standards.
In this article, I intend, first, to examine the medical and legal issue of neonatal male circumcision; second, to give an ethical analysis of the current controversy surrounding the issue; and, third, to determine if it is ethical for Catholic hospitals to permit it.
Non-therapeutic circumcision of children fails to meet the standards of modern medical ethics. Although non-therapeutic circumcision of children remains a common practice in the United States despite its rarity in most peer nations, under current standards of medical ethics, it is unethical and needs to cease.