She served as a writer for several dukes and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI. She wrote both poetry and prose works such as biographies and books containing practical advice for women and she completed forty-one works during her year career from to She married in at the age of 15, and was widowed 10 years later, much of the impetus for her writing came from her need to earn a living to support her mother, a niece and her two surviving children. She spent most of her childhood and all of her life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy.
Family[ edit ] Christine de Pizan was born in VeniceItaly. She was the daughter of Tommaso di Benvenuto da Pizzano. Her father became known as Thomas de Pizan, named for the family's origins in the town of Pizzano, south east of Bologna.
Her father worked as a physician, court astrologer, and Councillor of the Republic of Venice. In Pizan married the notary and royal secretary Etienne du Castel. Her daughter became a nun at the Dominican Abbey in Poissy in as a companion to the King's daughter Marie. Byshe was writing love balladswhich caught the attention of wealthy patrons within the court.
Her involvement in the production of her books and her skilful use of patronage in turbulent political times has earned her the title of the first professional women of letters in Europe.
Affective and financially she attached to the royal family of France. Of Queen Isabeau she wrote in "High, excellent crowned Queen of France, very redoubtable princess, powerful lady, born at a lucky hour".
In the illumination Pizan is kept from rest by the Three Virtues. France was ruled by Charles VI who experienced a series of mental breakdowns, causing a crisis of leadership for the French monarchy. Pizan published a series of works on the virtues of women, referencing Queen Blanche and dedicating them to Queen Isabeau.
Texts were still produced and circulated as continuous roll manuscriptsbut were increasingly replaced by the bound codex. Members of royal family became patrons of writers by commissioning books.
As materials became cheaper a book trade developed, so writers and bookmakers produced books for the French nobility, who could afford to establish their own libraries. Pizan thus had no single patron who consistently supported her financially and became associated with the royal court and the different fractions of the royal family — the Burgundy, Orleans and Berry — each having their own respective courts.
Romance of the Rose satirizes the conventions of courtly love while critically depicting women as nothing more than seducers.
In the first person narrative she and Cumaean Sibyl travel together and witness a debate on the state of the world between the four allegories — WealthNobilityChivalry and Wisdom.
When praising the efforts of Charles V in studying LatinPizan lamented that her contemporaries had to resort to strangers to read the law to them.
The earliest of the three works has been lost. In Livre du Corps de policie The Book of the Body Politicpublished in and dedicated to the dauphin,  Pizan set out a political treatises which analysed and described the customs and governments of late medieval European societies.
Pizan favoured hereditary monarchies, arguing in reference to Italian city-states that were governed by princes or trades, that "such governance is not profitable at all for the common good". Pizan also referenced classical writers on military warfare, such as VegetiusFrontinus and Valerius Maximus.
Pizan opposed trial by combat but articulated the medieval belief that God is the lord and governor of battle and that wars are the proper execution of justice. Nevertheless she acknowledged that in a war "many great wrongs, extortions, and grievous deeds are committed, as well as raping, killings, forced executions, and arsons".
Pizan addressed Louis of Guyenne directly, encouraging him to continue the quest for peace in France. In arguing that peace and justice were possible on earth as well as in heaven, Pizan was influenced by Dante who she had referenced in Le Chemin de long estude.
Pizan urged young princes to make themselves available to their subjects, avoid anger and cruelty, to act liberally, clement and truthful. Pizan's interpretation of the virtuous Christian prince built on the advice to rulers by St BenedictPeter Abelard and Cicero.
In Pizan presented Queen Isabeau with a lavishly decorated collection of her works now known as British Library Harley Noted for its quality miniature illuminations, Pizan herself and her past royal patrons were depicted.
As a mark of ownership and authorship the opening frontispiece depicted Queen Isabeau being presented with the book by Pizan. Instead she expressed the view that the soul was trapped in the body and imprisoned in hell.
The previous year she had presented the Epistre de la prison de vie Humaine to Marie of Berry the administrator of the Duchy of Bourbon whose husband was held in English captivity. Her works include political treatises, mirrors for princesepistles, and poetry.
Pizan's book Le Dit de la Rose The Tale of the Rose was published in as a direct attack on Jean de Meun 's extremely popular book Romance of the Rose which characterised women as seducers.
Pizan claimed that Meun's views were misogynistic, vulgar, immoral, and slanderous to women. The exchange between the two authors involved them sending each other their treatises, defending their respective views.Von Form und Freiheit und Christine de Pizans "Le Livre de la Cité des Dames".
In: Reuss, Roland ; Groddeck, Wolfram ; Morgenthaler, Walter. Philologie und Philosophie. The seventeenth-century women examined la ter in the study follow the next authors footsteps in some illuminating ways.
Christine de Pizans The Book of the City of Ladies is not a major factor in the development of garden or pastoral tradition, as gardens do not play a significant role in this work. Characterization of Women in Christine de Pizan's La Cite des Dames PAGES 7. WORDS 1, View Full Essay.
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The Book of the City of Ladies – The Book of the City of Ladies or Le Livre de la Cité des Dames, is perhaps Christine de Pizans most famous literary work, and it is her second work of lengthy prose.
Pizan uses the vernacular French language to compose the book, but she often uses Latin-style syntax, the book serves as her formal response to. CRISTINA (Christine) PIZAN/PISAN Christine de Pizan (also seen as de Pisan) (–c) was a writer of the medieval era who strongly challenged misogyny and stereotypes that were prevalent in the male-dominated realm of the arts.